Amateur Radio Procedural Signals
SignalMeaning when used as a questionMeaning when used as a statement.
QRG Will you tell me my exact frequency (or that of ______)? Your exact frequency (or that of ______) is ______.
QRH Does my frequency vary? Your frequency varies.
QRI How is the tone of my transmission? The tone of your transmission is ______ (1=good 2=variable 3=bad).
QRK What is the intelligibility of my signals (or those of ______)? The intelligibility of your signals (or those of ______) is ______ (1=bad 2=poor 3=fair 4=good 5=excellent)
QRL Voice usage Are you (or is the frequency) busy? I am (or the frequency is) busy (with ______); please do not interfere.
QRM Voice usage Is my transmission being interfered with? Your transmission is being interfered with ______ (1=nil 2=slightly 3=moderately 4=severely 5=extremely)
QRN Are you troubled by static? I am troubled by static ______ (1-5 as in QRM)
QRO Shall I increase output power? Increase output power.
QRP Voice usage Shall I decrease output power? Decrease output power.
QRQ Shall I send faster? Send faster (_____ wpm)
QRS Shall I send more slowly? Send more slowly (_____ wpm)
QRT Voice usage Shall I stop sending? Stop sending / I am leaving the air.
QRU Have you anything for me? I have nothing for you.
QRV Are you ready? I am ready.
QRW Shall I inform ______ that you are calling on ______ kHz? Please inform ______ that I am calling on ______ kHz.
QRX When will you call me again? Stand by / I will call you again at ______ hrs (on ______ kHz).
QRY What is my turn? Your turn is number ______.
QRZ Voice usage Who is calling me? You are being called by ______ (on ______ kHz).
QSA What is the strength of my signals (or those of ______)? The strength of your signals (or those of ______) is ______ (1=barely perceptible 2=weak 3=okay 4=good 5=very good)
QSB Voice usage Are my signals fading? Your signals are fading.
QSD Is my keying defective? Your keying is defective.
QSG Shall I send _____ messages at a time? How many messages should I send at a time? Send ______ messages at a time.
QSK Can you hear me between your signals and if so may I break in on your transmissions? I can hear you between my signals; break in on my transmissions.
QSL Voice usage Acknowledge receipt. I acknowledge receipt.
QSM Shall I repeat? Repeat the last message you sent me (or message number ______).
QSN Did you hear me (or ______) on ______ kHz? I heard you (or ______) on ______ kHz.
QSO Voice usage Can you communicate with ______ directly or by relay? I can communicate with ______ directly (or via relay ______).
QSP Will you relay to ______? I will relay to ______.
QST Voice usage - Attention all radio amateurs:
QSU Shall I send or reply on this frequency (or on ______)? Send a series of V's on this frequency (or on ______).
QSX Will you listen to ______ on ______ kHz? I am listening to ______ on ______ kHz.
QSY Voice usage Shall I (Will you) change frequency (to ______)? I am changing frequency (to ______).
QSZ Shall I send each word multiple times? Send each word twice (or ______ times).
QTA Shall I cancel message number ______? Cancel message number ______.
QTB Do you agree with my counting of words? I disagree with your count of words. I will repeat the first letter of each word in the message.
QTC How many messages do you have? I have ______ messages. (use QRU if none)
QTH Voice usage What is your location? My location is ______.
QTR What is the correct time? The correct time is ______.

Voice Usage

The Q-signal procedurals are for use in Morse communications, but some have crept into voice usage as well, with similar meanings.

QRL is never spoken but it is customary to say "Is this frequency in use?" before making a call on an apparently-free frequency.

QRM is sometimes spoken as "you're getting QRMd" or "there's a lot of QRM" to indicate that the frequency is very congested.

QRP has a more absolute "low power operation" meaning rather than a relative "please lower your power" one. "Operating QRP" refers to the sport of trying to make contacts with a low a power as possible, usually 5 watts or less.

QRT is sometimes used to indicate that one is signing off. "I'm gonna go QRT now."

QRZ is always spoken "Q R Zed" and is used when one catches part of a call, particularly on an FM repeater, but can't tell which station is being called. If I hear a friend of mine call someone, and it might be me, but I'm not sure, I might say "QRZ for KF9FF?" Can be used this way whenever there is doubt about whom the calling station is calling or what they want.

QSL when spoken either as a question or a statement has much of the meaning of "okay" or "I understand" or "I will comply." "I'll meet you later on at the house, QSL?" When communication quality is poor, "QSL" is sometimes repeated three or more times to indicate that the message was indeed received.

QSO when spoken simply means "2-way contact." "Eyeball QSO" refers to a face-to-face meeting.

QST is usually used to introduce a broadcast message to all amateurs (the only type of one-way message allowed on amateur radio). "The following is a QST:".

QSY when spoken is either a suggestion or an announcement that one is changing frequencies. "QSY simplex?" is a suggestion that the two conversing parties leave the repeater to another non-repeater frequency in order to free up the repeater resource. Signing off using "this is KF9FF, QSY" conveys that I cannot be reached on the current frequency any longer (lest anyone try).

QTH has the identical meaning as in Morse. "What's your QTH?" "I'm nearly home."